Tuesday, April 26, 2016

German Gestapo Formed April 26, 1933


Geheime Staatspolizei
Schutzstaffel Abzeichen.svg
The Gestapo was administered by officers of the SS.
Gestapomen following the white buses.jpg
Plainclothes Gestapo agents during the White Busesoperations in 1945.
Agency overview
Formed26 April 1933
Preceding agency
Dissolved8 May 1945
TypeSecret Police
JurisdictionGermany Nazi Germany
Occupied Europe
HeadquartersPrinz-Albrecht-Straße, Berlin
52°30′26″N 13°22′57″E
Employees32,000 c.1944[1]
Ministers responsible
Agency executives
Parent agencyFlag Schutzstaffel.svg Allgemeine SS

The Gestapo (German pronunciation: [ɡeˈstaːpo, ɡəˈʃtaːpo]), abbreviation of Geheime Staatspolizei, or the Secret State Police[2][3]was the official secret police of Nazi Germanyand German-occupied Europe.

The force was created by Hermann Göring in 1933 by combining the executive and the judicial branches into one power. Beginning on 20 April 1934, it was under the administration of SS national leader Heinrich Himmler, who in 1936 was appointed Chief of German Police (Chef der Deutschen Polizei) by Hitler. In 1936, Himmler made it a suboffice of the Sicherheitspolizei (SiPo) ("Security Police"). Then from 27 September 1939 forward, it was administered by the Reichssicherheitshauptamt(RSHA) ("Reich Main Security Office") and was considered a sister organization of the Sicherheitsdienst (SD) ("Security Service").

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